Banknotes are an essential component of modern economies, providing a reliable and convenient means of payment. In the United Kingdom, the Bank of England is responsible for issuing banknotes and legal tender throughout England and Wales. Banknotes have been used in England for over 300 years, and the design and security features have evolved significantly.
The current Bank of England notes in circulation are the £5, £10, £20, and £50 notes, all in a new Polymer material.
The £5 note features the portrait of Sir Winston Churchill, a British statesman who served as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955. The back of the note features a portrait of Elizabeth Tower and the Houses of Parliament, prominent landmarks in London.
The £10 note features the portrait of Jane Austen, an English novelist known for her works such as “Pride and Prejudice” and “Sense and Sensibility.” The back of the note features a portrait of Winchester Cathedral, where Austen is buried.
The £20 note features the portrait of JMW Turner, an English Romantic painter famous for his landscapes and seascapes. The back of the note features a view of Turner’s painting “The Fighting Temeraire” with the sun setting behind it.
The £50 note features the portrait of Alan Turing, a British mathematician and computer scientist who broke the Nazi Enigma code during World War II. The back of the note features a design of Turing’s “Universal Machine,” considered one of the first computer designs.
All Bank of England notes are made of polymer, a thin, flexible, and durable plastic material. Polymer notes are more durable than traditional paper notes and can last up to 2.5 times longer. They are also more resistant to dirt, moisture, and general wear and tear, making them more hygienic and environmentally friendly.
Bank of England notes are an essential component of the British economy, providing a reliable and secure means of payment. The current banknotes in circulation feature famous historical figures and designs that represent various themes. They are made of polymer, a durable and hygienic material, and have various security features that make them difficult to counterfeit.